If we expect people to become ecological citizens then we must have images through which they can honor and uestion themselves and any forces hierarchies of nation race class sexuality or ender that complicate their attempts to express their ecological belonging Kimberly Ruffin Black on Earth focuses on what the author calls the burden and beauty paradox in a wide range of African American ecological texts It is one of many new books to focus on African American environmental ethics outside of a conventional environmental justice framework including Kimberly K Smith s American environmental literature has relied heavily on the perspectives of European Americans often ignoring other roups In Black on Earth Kimberly Ruffin expands the reach of ecocriticism by analyzing the ecological experiences conceptions and desires seen in African American writing Ruffin identifies a theory of “ecological burden and beauty” in which African American authors underscore the
Rver Chapter Three offers an engaging exploration of religion specifically the ecotheology of Octavia Butler and Alice Walker Walker and Butler engage the bible in strikingly distinct ways Chapter Four looks at the literary function of myth in the writings of Percival Everett and Henry Dumas There is a focus on eography and migration in this chapter as Everett focuses on the US West and Dumas on a South North axis Chapter Five engages the blues epistemology with a focus on the poetry of Jayne Cortez The conclusion examines the legacy of Hurricane Katrina and New Orleans. Llum era to the twenty first century considering WPA slave narratives neo–slave poetry novels essays and documentary films by such artists as Octavia Butler Alice Walker Henry Dumas Percival Everett Spike Lee and Jayne Cortez Identifying themes of work slavery religion mythology music and citizenship Black on Earth highlights the ways in which African American writers are visionary ecological artist.
Frican American Environmental Thought and Diane Glave and Mark Stoll s coRuffin calls llection To Love the Wind and Rain African Americans and Environmental History The first chapter of the book challenges a framework of environmental knowledge located primarily in recreation It shows the way enslaved peoples expressed ecological agency The second chapter builds on this discussion through an exploration of neo slave poetry and specifically poetry that tries to imagine the biographies and perspectives of York Clark s enslaved servant Harriet Tubman and George Washington Ca. Cological burdens of living within human hierarchies in the social order just as they explore the ecological beauty of being a part of the natural order Blacks were ecological agents before the emergence of American nature writing argues Ruffin and their perspectives are critical to understanding the full scope of ecological thought Ruffin examines African American ecological insights from the antebe.