Sowell examines and critiues affirmative action rograms in various nations including the US Sri Lanka India Malaysia and Nigeria He The Lady and the Lionheart presentsersuasive data that these rograms do little to improve the condition of the intended beneficiaries end up benefitting rimarily those who are already doing well and lead to racial resentment I wish Sowell had examined a greater variety of nations including European and South American countries to the extent any of them has such rograms but otherwise it is well done Whether you support or oppose affirmative action this is a worthy read Snowell elaborated the negative effects of AA around the world based on his empirical analysis but not on ideals Since I studied and worked in Singapore and knew many Chinese friends from Malaysia I found the exposition of the residential uota for bumiputera son of the soil uite resonating The chapter on AA in US is even relevant as I heard objections and support to AA olicy from many friends Although the author is very convincing and speaking an authoritative tone it is dangerous to just listen to one side of argument Nevertheless you will find this book informative and insightful on what you think of AA Affirmative Action Around the World An Empirical Study by Thomas Sowell was fantastic I have thoroughly enjoyed every Sowell book I ve ever read so it was not surprising that I liked this a lot Sowell looks at several societies that have enacted referential A (kinda) Country Christmas policies and tracks the history of intergroup relations in those societies and the history and effects ofreferential olicies in those societies Among these case studies are India Sri Lanka Nigeria Malaysia and the United States Sri Lanka is an especially illuminating example because relations were eaceful between the majority and minority racial groups before referential olicies were enacted Preferential National Geographic Kids Almanac 2020 policies in Sri Lanka sparked a domino effect that eventually resulted in civil war Sri Lanka is an extreme case butreferential olicies in all cases have tended to result in increased tension and hostility between and among groups Sowell s central remise is that affirmative action is rarely if ever evaluated using empirical methods Those touting affirmative action Why Is It Always About You?: The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism policies tend to rely on the intentions and morality behind theolicies rather than looking at the actual results It is not surprising that they do not look at the actual results because those results have been negligent at best and overwhelmingly negative in many cases Sowell details how Gods and fighting men: the story of the Tuatha de Danaan and of the Fianna of Ireland, arranged and put into English by Lady Gregory preferentialolicies tend to increase Charming the Firefighter polarization between and among groups as group differences areoliticized Even as differences narrow activists and olitical leaders that have rode to ower the Everyone Loves Clowns and Other Tales politicization of group differences have every incentive to increase demands and widen the range of groups to demonize I especially liked Sowell s analysis of affirmative action in the United States as affirmative actionolicies in the US are most familiar to me He details the sorting effect under affirmative action The Elements of Computing Systems: Building a Modern Computer from First Principles policies the most ualified blacks end up at Ivy League schools because they are in such high demand to be able to reportarticular diversity numbers Schools in the next tier then have a similar demand for blacks which causes blacks to attend colleges for which they would not otherwise be ualified Blacks that would be than ualified for second and third tier schools end up at schools where they are overmatched and unsurprisingly they graduate at much lower rates than members of other racial groups when admitted under affirmative action olicies Blacks admitted without the aid of affirmative action olicies graduate at similar rates to whites so those lower graduation rates are clearly a result of the affirmative action olicies Blacks who otherwise may have attended second or third tier schools with great success instead waste years of their lives at top institutions either failing to graduate or migrating to less demanding subjects Sowell also makes the important oint that affirmative action Hitler's First War: Adolf Hitler, the Men of the List Regiment, and the First World War policies hurt ualified blacks as well who must operate under a cloud of uncertainty that their ualifications may beartially due to affirmative action Also the unfounded belief that much of the economic advance of blacks in the United States is due to affirmative action infantilizes blacks Much of their economic advance was rior to the 1960 s than after affirmative action olicies were enacted Following the commencement of Žemyn galva į Australiją preferentialolicies the best off blacks have been helped while the oorest blacks have actually regressed economically These effects of affirmative action are rarely discussed so I think that Sowell s concise resentation of the arguments against affirmative action in the United States is very valuable I would recommend any of Sowell s books to Último asalto people interested in economicsolitics and society He weaves statistics facts and inferences together like no other writer than I have ever encountered This book is an important retort against those that believe that affirmative action and other Fear (Tricycle Teachings preferentialolicies are benign and that we can control the effects of those olicies His case studies demonstrate that referential olicies can have wide ranging effects that uickly escalate out of the control of anyone This is an excellent book by Thomas Sowell on what I would call the myth of affirmative action One of the oints highlighted by Sowell is the fact that affirmative action is implemented based on good ideas but never on empirical evidence And it is because of this that affirmative action AA has never Conta and Boehme Porcelain Identification and Value Guide proven to be successful anywhere in the world In fact AA has been very successful in helping the upper crust of the demographic supposedly in need and never the trulyoor and destitute of that demographicIf you ever wondered about the successes or failures of AA then you should read this book It has been well researched and is easy to read In order to understand this book and the author s approach you have to know that Sowell is not addressing the subject of In this important book an eminent authority resents a new erspective on affirmative action investigating its actual conseuences in the United States and in other countries where it has been in effect Evaluating his empirical data Thomas Sowell concludes that race reference rograms worldwide have not met expectations and have often roduced the opposite of what was originally intended“A delight terse well argued and utterly convincing” Economist “Among contemporary economists and social theoris.
Ing its conseuences Despite the rhetoric used in the romotion of referential olicies such Prophets Unarmed: Chinese Trotskyists in Revolution, War, Jail, and the Return from Limbo policies have often been expanded to encompass so many distinct groups that the benefits received by any one group have been minimal resulting basically inolicies that merely discriminate negatively against The Labyrinth particular groups eg white males in America or theroductive sub cultures in IndiaSowell explores what economic effects have The Raven and the Falcon: Youth Versus Old Age in Medieval Arabic Literature proceeded the implementation ofreferential The Humanist Interpretation of Hieroglyphs in the Allegorical Studies of the Renaissance: With a Focus on the Triumphal Arch of Maximilian I policies and they have invariably been either negative even for the groups they were meant to help or too difficult to determine economies are highly complex Sowell also shows howreferential The Reproductive Bargain: Deciphering the Enigma of Japanese Capitalism policies have tended to favour the most fortunateeople within Your Life Still Counts: How God Uses Your Past to Create a Beautiful Future preferred groups sometimes at the expense of the most disadvantagedeople from those groups He also raises many uestions about the conseuences of affirmative action that it s advocates never ask let alone contemplate For example Sowell wonders whether businesses may leave areas with large black Piers Plowman: A New Translation of the B-Text populations to avoid discrimination law suits brought forward byeople who declare that there aren t enough black The War against Animals people employed by those businesses Given that the Supreme Court haslaced the burden of Fantasy Noir. Übernatürliche Mordfälle proof on employers torove that they are not discriminating this would be a reasonable concern for business ownersSowell also examines the dubious legal basis upon which affirmative action is founded in the United States Whilst such olicies clearly romote discrimination and thereby ought to be rendered unlawful by the Civil Rights Act 1964 affirmative action Diari policies have been touted as anti discriminationolicies aimed at addressing ineuality and romoting diversity They are discriminatory olicies masuerading as anti discrimination A Long the Krommerun: Selected Papers from the Utrecht James Joyce Symposium policies Despite this Sowell outlines how affirmative actionolicies were given a Lancelot pass in 1979 when the Supreme Court deemed them to be within the spirit of what wasurpose of the Civil Rights Act 1979 despite the fact that reverse discrimination and uotas were explicitly condemned by those who Scorch passed the Act in 1964 It wasromised that the Labour Markets, Identities, Controversies passing of the Act would not lead toreferential Marrane Et Marronne: La Co-Ecriture Reversible D Andre Et de Simone Schwarz-Bart policies The Supreme Court Justices in the majority ignored this and further betrayed theirost by disregarding the written law eg Section 703 of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment so as to enshrine their own This Deleuzian Century politicalreferences Justice Brennan being the most egregious among themThis is a great book for anyone who does not want to content himselfherself with merely disputing the rationale of affirmative action This book offers an insight into where affirmative action Women's Romantic Theatre and Drama: History, Agency, and Performativity policies come from and how they develop It also explores the many conseuences of affirmative action and how they are all but impossible to viewositively even for those who may have advocated such Tell Me What You Want policies namely because they tend to backfire Very well researched however I found that many of the issues covered in the US chapter he covered before in several books so it was kind of boring having to re read everything again The chapter on India was the most interesting by far as well as the impact on integroup tensions which eventually lead to civil war in Sri Lanka and how they were influenced by affirmative actionoliciesSowell is my favorite author of all time I ve read at least 90% of the books he has Water in Social Imagination: From Technological Optimism to Contemporary Environmentalism put out so far Problematic I agree with the basicremise that racial Sagwitch: Shoshone Chieftain, Mormon Elder, 1822-1887 preference uotas invariably cause socialroblems However what could have been an effective analysis is led astray by olitical hyperbole Sowell s intention is to do a global empirical study of why affirmative actionracial reference uotas in any country don t work as a matter of top down government Le rendez-vous policy and often lead to greater racialroblems when implemented His Molotov Mouths: Explosive New Writing problem is that he spends most of the book reaching for the low hanging fruit of third world societies in which racialreference has led to great loss of life India Sri Lanka Malaysia and Nigeria then skips straight to the United States To begin with this is not an apples to apples comparison as the countries in uestion have almost nothing demographically or culturally in common with the United States All are in arts of the world with a large native opulation that was screwed up by 19th century European colonialism and none has existed as an independent country for than 100 years This would seem to be an argument against racial uotas in 19th century British imperial All Our Trials: Prisons, Policing, and the Feminist Fight to End Violence policy than a valid argument that affirmative action itself is theroblem This also sets up a couple of other Discovering Our Past California Edition: Medieval And Early Modern Times problems one is the repugnant implication that blackeople being admitted to the University of Michigan without having the grades for it is a In This Land: The Purple Book, Volume Four problem on the scale of wholesale genocide The other is theossibly even repugnant implication that the United States is a third world country worthy of comparison to the likes of Nigeria The really unfortunate thing is that Sowell could easily have covered the roblems that affirmative action has also caused in first world societies which would have given his argument here a lot credibility by inviting a valid comparison to the United States Ignoring Europe in articular really hurts him white Europeans from France to Scandinavia have a very strong strand of racism that has led to real social The Houdini Solution: Put Creativity and Innovation to work by thinking inside the box problems much closer to those we experience in the US and many of their affirmative actionolicies are just as Cybercrime and Digital Forensics: An Introduction problematic as ours are Given American conservatives general loathing of France inarticular you d think Sowell would have jumped at the opportunity to skewer that articular European country at the very least The third world stuff could have reinforced such an argument in a way that would have made a very strong case overall However because he ignores Europe this is not truly a global study as written The individual case studies are certainly interesting but the entire design of the book is incomplete in a way that was easily avoidable if Sowell had been willing to do a little bit research instead of just. Pening” Amy Chua author of World on Fire How Exporting Free Market Democracy Breeds Ethnic Hatred and Global Instability“A masterpiece that deserves to be one of the most influential books of our time Any honest reader will be informed and enlightened” Donald Kagan Yale University“A gem of a book A brilliant and learned analysis of the negative effects of racially referential olicies both in the United States and in several other countries around the world” Stephan Thernstrom Harvard Universi.
Ffirmative action and racial reference and identity One Small Step: An Anthology of Discoveries politics from theoint of view of olitical analysis but rather from the oint of view of economics Sowell a man of color who has achieved great success in his rofessional life might be expected on identity grounds to support affirmative action that would benefit his eople but as a rigorously minded economist he realizes and demonstrates firmly in this book that affirmative action Birds politicsoliticizes identity Tales from the Ballpark Tales from the Ballpark Tales from the Ballpark: More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told More of the Greatest True Baseball Stories Ever Told problems and has not served to effectively address the need of societies for well trainedeople instead leading to corruption of a very Isocrates I (The Oratory of Classical Greece, vol. 4) particular sort and to a failure on theart of Robot Programming: A Practical Guide to Behavior-Based Robotics privileged minorities to develop the skills and approaches and success that are resented in other successfuleople The author s rigor allows him to make a Perfect Phrases for Writing Company Announcements: Hundreds of Ready-to-Use Phrases for Powerful Internal and External Communications point that is not well appreciated and certainly can be considered asolitically incorrect but truthful in a larger sense that deserves to be recognized Whether or not you will be able to appreciate this book will depend largely on whether you Versailles prefer to focus on empirical matters or on the good intentions of affirmative actionsoliciesThis articular book is a relatively short one at about 200 ages and it is focused on affirmative action around the world and the results of that The book begins with a The Mystery of the Two-Toed Pigeon preface and a chapter that gives the internationalerspective of affirmative action and introduces the approach of the book 1 After that the author explores affirmative action in India 2 where dalits and tribes and other groups have managed to have for decades Rack Ruin privileges that have led to a high degree of resentment The author then looks at Malaysia and the way that Malays have sought to enshrinerivilege as opposed to the successful and harder working Chinese and Indians 3 The author discusses the affirmative action in Sri Lanka that sought to favor the Sinhalese against the Tamil that led to an immense and deadly Espenlaub politicization about identity 4 After that the author explores the similarroblems where the Fulani Hausa were favored over Ibo and Yoruba in Nigeria also with tragic and deadly effects 5 The author at least turns to the American experience and the way that intersectionality has led to a majority of Splendid Solution people being viewed as oppressed minorities but without the statistical rigor that other countries have had 6 finally ending with a look at theast and the future of affirmative action as well as notes and an indexWhat is it that makes affirmative action so harmful For one it oliticizes identity and encourages those who are not at all disadvantaged classes from enshrining their sense of rivilege with the rotection of law It also creates a widespread feeling in a given society that some eople for reasons of identity are given undeserved blessings and taking How to Be Alone places that should belong to those who deserve it Affirmative Action also creates aerverse set of incentives that inspires the Ali Baba sort of corruption where a Racial Theories In Context privilegederson lends their name and identity to an effort that is actually run by a disadvantaged but motivated and talented group like a Chinese business manager in Malaysia or a white American who wants to use a token minority owner in order to obtain scarce government contracts The desire to help those who have historically had less success than others often leads to erverse situations where eople seek to claim identities they may not really deserve in order to gain from the Cigarette Kisses politicized identity that receivesrivilege and over a rivilege that demeans the achievements of those who have received it because there is the awareness that it is done with lower standards than others have demonstrated in achieving their own success Doing what he does best Easy to read as er usual nicely backed up with that seemingly forgotten little thing we have these days good ol fashioned facts I thought this was a fantastic book A truly well researched empirical study of affirmative action While I ve also read McWhorter and so have read some tough love for the black community this is the first book I ve read on these types of issues that isn t mostly anecdotal Things that struck me the most were the link between references and rising racial tensions that minority students mismatched with schools too difficult for them tend to become activists at the school and blame the school s discrimination for their failure observations on the creamy layer rivileged minorities getting the lion s share of Gutsy Girls: Young Women Who Dare preferences the fact that women who don t interrupt their careers for childrearing make money than men and that Asian minorities in the US have gone from the bottom to the top withoutreferences Aside from the fact that affirmative action hasn t worked and the stigma it Organizations As Knowledge Systems places on us in schools and in the workplace it also starts getting ridiculous if you really think about it At thisoint everyone is just hating on white men EVERYONE s Little Scarlet (Easy Rawlins presence is consideredreferable to white males Every non white male group has their own exclusionary organizations Actually with the gay rights movement we ve carved it down to straight white males As Dr Sowell says these olitics are great for eople who want to make a living as activists but there is no incentive to ever STOP being an activist when goals are met And curricula cater to these activists Women s Studies Black Studies ueer Studies whatever happened to History Sociology Psychology Anthropology Literature It seems like these majors are journeys of self discovery than they are training Never Sweeter people for careers Anyway I loved this book but I had to take off a star because they stopped editing somewhere after the middle of the book Suddenly there were so many typos wrong words repeated words etc Also the end was a bit long and repetitive and could have used a little tightening up editing Still definitely worth reading Thoroughly researched and thoughtrovoking book Though I had always been sceptical of the hilosophy underlying affirmative action Thomas Sowell outlines the ways in which affirmative action has failed by examin. Ts one of the most rolific intellectually independent and iconoclastic is Thomas Sowell Enormously learned wonderfully clear headed he sees reality as it is and flinches at no truth Sowell’s resentation of the data is instructive and illuminating and disturbing” Carl Cohen Commentary“Another brilliant bracing achievement by Thomas Sowell With characteristic lucidity erudition and depth Sowell examines the true effects of affirmative action around the globe This book is compelling important mind
Thomas Sowell is an American economist social commentator and author of dozens of books He often writes from an economically laissez faire perspective He is currently a senior fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University In 1990 he won the Francis Boyer Award presented by the American Enterprise Institute In 2002 he was awarded the National Humanities Medal for prolific scholars