S of social development that uigley associates with the rise of positions of power in the western world As daunting a book as it may seem it is one that must be read Power economic influence globalism and the transnational forms of government If you can get your hands on it read it This gigantic book 1350 pages reminds me in an odd way of Roger Penrose s almost eually massive The Road to Reality which I read last year In both cases we have an unusually gifted person who sets out to present an integrated overview of an entire field For Penrose it s modern physics for uigley it s world history during the period from 1895 to 1960 In both cases we soon discover that the author has a highly non standard but strangely persuasive view of their respective subject which involves uxtaposition of elements normally considered in isolationPenrose spends much of his book setting the scene for his unorthodox ideas about the connections between General Relativity uantum theory thermodynamics and the origins of the universe right or wrong there are many points in the argument where it is impossible not to wonder why other authors so resolutely refuse to put things together and ask certain uestions What is the actual relationship between the evolution of the uantum mechanical wavefunction and its apparent collapse when an observation is made Does gravity have anything to do it Why was the universe created in an extremely low entropy state Is there any real reason to think that there could be dimensions than the four we can see Even if Penrose is completely out to lunch a distinct possibility he is reminding us that these issues are far interesting and fundamental than the theory tweaking that most physicists spend their time on If you don t think big you re never going to win bigAnd similarly with uigley who resolutely refuses to let himself be limited by a single perspective or narrow conceptions of political correctness His account of recent history combines at least five main strands macro economic theory power relationships weapons technology psychology and religion It is uite startling to see how much he knows about all of them He moves smoothly from explaining how deflationary policies caused the post World War I German depression to describing the way investment in arms manufacturing can redistribute wealth and kick start an economy to a discussion of Douhet s 1922 theory of strategic bombing and how it influenced Britain s policy of appeasement towards Nazi Germany to an account of the development of radar and how it assured the Allied victory in the Battle of Britain The level of detail is breathtaking there s a reason why the book is so long and indeed you often feel that he s reluctantly cutting a lot out to save space Behind it all he has an overarching vision of how all historical events are influenced by deep philosophical religious and cultural perspectives going back to the beginnings of recorded history This stuff is amazingly bold For example he sees the basic division between the American Left and Right as ultimately emanating from counter currents in Christian thought The Left is following standard Christian doctrine man is essentially good and only needs help and guidance while the Right follows the Manichaean doctrine imported into Christianity by Saint Augustine evil is a positive force and man needs strong external discipline to protect him from it I am sure that not everyone will like this but I thought it was perceptive An even controversial aspect of the book which I can see nearly everyone hates is his analysis of national character For example he claims that there is a unifying pattern of behavior connecting the Arab and Latin American countries with Moorish Spain as the link this is typified by a tribal government based on interpersonal relations rather than laws endemic corruption and contempt for women Yes too simplistic as he admits himself but is it really worse than the currently fashionable alternative which is to pretend that people are the same everywhere and there are no truly important cultural differences I have to say something about conspiracy theories thanks to a short section around p 950 Tragedy and Hope has become a kind of bible for conspiracy theorists world wide who in many cases appear not to have read any other part of the book uigley identifies an influential English cliue centered on Oxford University the Round Table Group who he says played a major role in shaping British policy during this period often operating behind the scenes They were closely connected to some of the American East Coast financial establishment in particular to JP Morgan and his powerful associates and at some points were able to exert great influence on the US government as well uigley in no way tries to sensationalize the idea or portray these people as unscrupulous or evil On the contrary his admiration for them is obvious he feels that they did a great deal to try to make the world a better place even if their plans did not always lead to the results they intendedAnd yet it is so easy to see why conspiracy theorists love the book There is a constant feeling that there is which he cannot reveal He talks at length about the brilliant scientists who worked on the Allied side during World War II and the Cold War much of whose work is still not at all well known but who made a huge contribution to saving Western Civilization from the twin evils of Nazism and Stalinism He is particularly indignant about the treatment Oppenheimer received at the hands of McCarthy and his stooges And I think the conspiracy theorists are mistaken when they try to use uigley to demonstrate the continued importance of the Round Table Group and its claimed successors He writes of them with love and nostalgia of the Great Ones who have now departed If I were a conspiracy theorist which I am not I would expand this idea further and note that Tolkien was also a professor at Oxford University around this time I have checked and at least one member of the Inklings had a connection to the Round Table Group I would argue that The Lord of the Rings despite Tolkien s protestations to the contrary tells the story of our times in a disguised form how the Valar sent their emissaries to guide us in our fight against the great evil of Sauron and how when he had been defeated they returned into the Ultimate West leaving us bereft of their wisdom and power But that is ust a fantasy. And outlooks upon each other; it shows completely than in any similar work the influence of science and technology on human life; and it explains with unprecedented clarity how the intricate financial and commercial patterns of the West prior to 1914 influenced the development of today's wor.
Frankly a disappointing book For all its bulk and the hype surrounding it this is definitely not an insider s look at how the Eastern Establishment operates Rather it is one professor s rather slanted interpretation of world history from about 1890 through 1963 Professor uigley ran out of invectives to hurl at Joe McCarthy but utters barely a whisper about Harry Hopkins close adviser to FDR and other players who likely had long term influence and did damage than McCarthy For a sound objective look at history and economics go to books by Murray Rothbard Totally looking forward to reading this William Carroll uigley 1910 1977 was professor of history at Georgetown University s School of Foreign Service where he taught an influential course The Development of Civilization summarized in his book The Evolution of Civilizationsuigley proposed an original and well defined model of civilizations and the distinct stages through which they evolveIn this model a civilization is a producing society that has writing city life and an economic instrument of expansionIt evolves through seven stages called1 mixture2 gestation3 expansion4 age of conflict5 universal empire6 decay7 destruction usually by outside invadersuigley enumerates and names sixteen civilizations in history that fit this model or less Samuel P Huntington drew upon uigley s concepts in his book The Clash of Civilizations and Remaking of World Order In 1966 uigley published a one volume history of the twentieth century titled Tragedy and Hope At several points in this book the history of the Milner group is discussed Moreover uigley states that he has recently been in direct contact with this organization whose nature he contrasts to right wing claims of a communist conspiracyThis radical Right fairy tale which is now an accepted folk myth in many groups in America pictured the recent history of the United States in regard to domestic reform and in foreign affairs as a well organized plot by extreme Left wing elements This myth like all fables does in fact have a modicum of truth There does exist and has existed for a generation an international Anglophile network which operates to some extent in the way the Radical right believes the Communists act In fact this network which we may identify as the Round Table Groups has no aversion to cooperating with the Communists or any other group and freuently does so I know of the operation of this network because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years in the early 1960s to examine its papers and secret records I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and have for much of my life been close to it and to many of its instruments I have objected both in the past and recently to a few of its policies but in general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to remain unknown and I believe its role in history is significant enough to be known uigley was dismissive of the authors who used his writings to support theories of a world domination conspiracyOn Gary Allen s None Dare Call It Conspiracy he saidThey thought Dr Carroll uigley proved everything For example they constantly misuote me to this effect that Lord Milner the dominant trustee of the Cecil Rhodes Trust and a heavy in the Round Table Group helped finance the Bolsheviks I have been through the greater part of Milner s private papers and have found no evidence to support that Further None Dare Call It Conspiracy insists that international bankers were a single bloc were all powerful and remain so today I on the contrary stated in my book that they were much divided often fought among themselves had great influence but not control of political life and were sharply reduced in power about 1931 1940 when they became less influential than monopolized industry uigley argued that the Round Table groups were not World Government advocates but super imperialists He stated that they emphatically did not want the League of Nations to become a World Government Yet Lionel Curtis who according to uigley was one of the leaders of the Round Table movement wished for it to be a World government with teeth writing articles with H G Wells urging this one fascinating oddity is a uote by Huntington These transnationalists have little need for national loyalty view national boundaries as obstacles that thankfully are vanishing and see national governments as residues from the past whose only useful function is to facilitate the elite s global operations Samuel P Huntington This book still gets a lot of interest even though uigley has been dead for over 40 years Perhaps his mention by Bill Clinton in his inaugural address has maintained interest There have been other drivers of interest for uigley and this volume as well not all of them laudable or fairI rated the book highly because of the impact it and the class for which it was read has had on me To this this day I vividly remember uigley s classes five semesters as if they were yesterday The agendas he raised have remained with me ever since He was the first professor I had who was a real showman in class from the giving of exams to the telling of funny stories What was so important however was that he worked very hard to give meaning to the complex of facts events and people that comprise world history He tried to capture the flow of history the deep longstanding streams flowing through it and the relative few significant forces propelling it The idea that history can be looked at this way is a powerful one especially to an impressionable undergraduate It made you feel like you were working with big time ideas and real scholarship at least those were the impressions I had of the experience With this said I have to also admit that without the personal experience I doubt I would have rated the book as highly as I do The book is under referenced and reads as if it is a collection of detailed lecture notes To some extent that is OK but I increasingly find it important to double check the sources and examine detail below the level of the main storyuigley is also prone to considerable generalization and I came to view my subseuent education as a process of finding out which of my undergraduate revelations held up under focused scrutiny Many of uigley s did not hold up although the process of coming to realize that was itself a valuable educationI have also become increasingly skeptical of evolutionary views of civilizations such as TRAGEDY AND HOPE shows the years 1895 1950 as a period of transition from the world dominated by Europe in the nineteenth century to the world of three blocs in the twentieth century With clarity perspective and cumulative impact Professor uigley examines the nature of that transition throug.
Igley s The devil is almost always in the details and overly broad stories can encourage hero worship rather than critical thinking Looking back uigley s huge contribution to my life was in capturing Western values especially ideas of balance moderation and inclusion as keys to Western success This is a broad story of Western History and I am thankful to uigley for introducing me to his variant of itThere is a lot of good history being published these days I am still reading it with avid interest due to Carroll uigley and Tragedy and Hope which I read for his two semester class in the World since 1914 I think I first found out about this book from a footnote in a John Taylor Gatto book Somehow I got the impression that this was THE go to history book to explain conspiracy theories I got the book I got the book to tell what they been DOIN to us all angry mob guy from the movie Rigoletto A bit of searching on the internet seems to confirm that many people view it this way as well though I also uickly got the impression that most people don t read TH but another book that uotes some portions of TH None Dare Call It Conspiracy I remember seeing NDCIC laying around our house when I was a teenager though I never got around to reading it myself and for all I know neither did my parents As it turns out the author of NDCIC was a prominent member of the John Birch Society And the founder of Koch Industries was also a founder of JBS Interestingly enough TH mentions the John Birch Society it was laughably ironic Well of course the people who read a short paperback promoting conspiracy theories aren t the kind of people who want to read a 1300 page textbook written by an Ivy League College Professor Well the oke s on them Apparently I am the latter Even if it takes me eight years insert mic dropAnyway yeah it took me eight years to finish this book I kept putting it down and reading other books then coming back to it over and over I can t say it wasn t mostly long and dry Lots and lots of facts and figures about WWI WWII and then the Cold War But out of it all I did come away with a sense of history that I didn t have before There were many portions of social commentary that were actually uite fascinating Of course many of the ways he presents things especially other cultures now seem prejudiced and dated but it was written 50 years ago ya knowI still want to read his book The Evolution of Civilizations An Introduction to Historical Analysis I m very suspicious that it somehow influenced Sid Meier For those who don t recognize the name see Sid Meier s Civilization Often the favorite of conspiracy uacks in the US Read ust the other day that there is a difference thinking that history has conspiracies thinking that history is a conspiracy I think the latter is an important consideration to think about I don t think that the on the cover page of the present edition was always in purgatory pink for instanceWritten in 1966 uigley was supposedly a political insider with the Rhodes scholar people Clinton is said to have cited him for influenceI tried to locate where the fuss is concerning the presence of conspiracy uigley supposedly explains in open publick John Birch Society or no John Birch Society Some interesting facts did stand out For example the use of deadly weaponry seemed to present a wartime call for absolute dictatorial government control in secrecy long before this book was written during the cold war uigley explains that nothing short of top down dictatorship can effect the control necessary to stop the threat from say invisible poisons lethal to the skin or airborne in urban places Nuclear war actually helped slow down this process that uigley saw coming This is nothing new since national security is always the rationalization for forgoing freedom or law or tradition or custom or popular desires for secret government policies of paternal inclinationsI think the difference here is that uigley is telling the reader buried in 1000 pages of contemporary history that unbeknownst this is already the case uigley thought that it was for the best He wrote thinking that the secret mechanizations of the ruling class of the Northeastern British establishment can be out in the open without grave social conseuence Elections are engineered or irrelevant either way when all is said and done Now everyone admits this to some extent In the America of uigley s day this was still taboo howeveruigley is actually wrongfully remembered for whistleblowing secretive history for an academic audience His other book The Anglo American Establishment is a complete bore to read with no information of usefulness despite the claim Tragedy and Hope is a study in part of great insight for the time The final chapters on the plight of the middle class in America or the Catholic Kennedy call for the use of Medieval Scholasticism in future debates was typical in the left leaning academia of the 60 s Dwight Eisenhower may have been a communist rather than simply a golfer in retrospect but that is a dead duck political argument now A uote on the Harvard commencement speech by Lawrence Bender is ust one valuable anecdote of material for the antiuarian historian who has the time to examine this book An anthropological narrative of middle class white American girls in 50 s America is worth the read since the vast majority of this kind of stuff came from the far left Critical Theorist Frankfurters out of Columbia at the time One can think of Coming of Age in Somoa uigley was a gentleman of a different stripe who writes from an altogether different vantage point Worth reading the now bland ideas to see the history of academic discourse in another perspective Otherwise comprehensively written elsewhere Why do they call it Conspiracy THEORY when there are books like this on the market Carroll uigley mentor to Bill Clinton and others is unapologetic in his socialisticneoMarxistfascistic leanings He details how socialists and others have and are taking away our freedoms and why WOW This book is an eye opener I wish I had a personal copy of it I had checked it out through inter library loan I read this back in the early 90 s I was lucky to get it on interlibrary loan as it was out of print then I m so glad it is back in print now It is essential reading if you want to know about what happened and who caused it to happen I m looking forward to reading it again This book covers 15o years up to the 1960. H two world wars and a worldwide economic depression As an interpretative historian he tries to show each event in the full complexity of its historical context The result is a uniue work notable in several ways It gives a picture of the world in terms of the influence of different cultures.
American historian and theorist of the evolution of civilizations Noted for his teaching work as a professor at Georgetown University for his academic publications and for his research on secret societies He was an instructor at Princeton and Harvard; a consultant to the US Department of Defense the House Committee on Astronautics and Space Exploration; and the US Navy